When working with pipes, you will need to work with flanges, as the video explains. The term flange refers to a small connector part of a piping system used for connecting pipes, pumps, and valves. You can easily access a pipe via the flange to make it easier to clean, modify, or inspect the pipe system.
Create flanged joints by bolting together two flanges with a gasket sandwiched between them, then welding or screwing the two pieces together. Check the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) guidelines before working with flanges.
You cannot combine some flange types. For example, you cannot combine a flat face flange and a raised face flange. The video also covers grooved flanges.
Knowing the difference between flange types and how you can combine them makes it easier to complete a safe piping job. You can read the piping flange guidelines at the ASME website, asme.org. This organization has already put in the work to research which combinations of pipe, flange, flange distributor, etc. work best together.